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Cold and flu: Prevent and control



TIP 1: GET A FLU SHOT

Having a flu vaccination each autumn is the single best way to prevent against seasonal influenza.

A seasonal flu vaccination will:

  • • Help reduce the possibility of getting BOTH the seasonal and Avian Flu.
  • • Boost your immunity which will help you in the event of a pandemic.

Australian Government’s Immunise Australia program, the flu vaccine is free for:

  • • Anyone 65 years or older.
  • • Pregnant women.
  • • Indigenous people aged 15 years or older.
  • • Kooris and Torres Strait Islanders aged 50 years or older.
  • • Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities.
  • • Anyone aged over 6 months with a condition such as heart disease, chronic respiratory disease, kidney disease, diabetes, impaired immunity and chronic neuromuscular disease.

TIP 2: WASH YOUR HANDS OFTEN

  • • Use soap and warm, running water.
  • • Keep fingers pointing down under the water.
  • • Rub hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds.
  • • Dry hands completely using a fresh towel.

TIP 3: COVER YOUR MOUTH

  • • Cover your nose and mouth with a NEW tissue every time you cough or sneeze.
  • • If you don’t have a tissue then sneeze or cough into your sleeve.
  • • Remember… when an infected person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes, thousands of tiny particles containing droplet nuclei are expelled into the air. Virus spreads by these droplets

TIP 4: AVOID TOUCHING YOUR FACE

  • • Germs spread when a person touches something contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose or mouth.
  • • Flu virus needs to enter the body and get to the lungs in order to reproduce. If it stays on your hands it won’t hurt you, however if you touch your eyes you give the virus a route to enter the body.

TIP 5: PRACTICE WORK RELATED HYGEINE

At work (or home) – it’s a good idea to:

  • • Keep disinfectant wipes and gels handy. Use as appropriate.
  • • Disinfect hard surfaces such as phones, desks and computer keyboards.
  • • Ensure trash receptacles have removable plastic liners.
  • • If not – consider using disinfectant spray.

TIP 6: STAY HOME WHEN YOU'RE SICK

Do not come to work if you have:

  • • Chills, shivering and fever (>37.8°)
  • • Sore throat
  • • Onset of muscle aches and pains
  • • Dry Cough
  • • Trouble Breathing
  • • Sneezing
  • • Stuffy or Runny Nose
  • • Tiredness

When you are sick - keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too
 

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